Recipe Substitutions

Do you ever get started on a recipe and then realize that you are missing an ingredient?

I. HATE. THAT.

Here is a chart of common ingredients and substitutions you can use in a pinch:

For a printable version click here.

Ingredient

Amount

Substitution

Allspice 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ginger, and 1/4 teaspoon cloves
Baking powder 1 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartarOR 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 cup buttermilk (decrease liquid in recipe by 1/2 cup)
Bread crumbs 1 cup 1 cup cracker crumbsOR 1 cup matzo meal OR 1 cup ground oats
Broth: beef or chicken 1 cup 1 bouillon cube plus 1 cup boiling waterOR 1 tablespoon soy sauce plus enough water to make 1 cupOR 1 cup vegetable broth
Brown sugar 1 cup, packed 1 cup white sugar plus 1/4 cup molasses and decrease the liquid in recipe by 1/4 cupOR 1 cup white sugarOR 1 1/4 cups confectioners’ sugar
Butter (salted) 1 cup 1 cup margarineOR 1 cup shortening plus 1/2 teaspoon saltOR 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt

OR 7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 teaspoon salt

Butter (unsalted) 1 cup 1 cup shorteningOR 7/8 cup vegetable oilOR 7/8 cup lard
Buttermilk 1 cup 1 cup yogurtOR 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup
Corn syrup 1 cup 1 1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup waterOR 1 cup honeyOR 1 cup light treacle syrup
Cottage cheese 1 cup 1 cup ricotta cheese
Cracker crumbs 1 cup 1 cup bread crumbs                                                          OR  1 cup ground oats
½ and ½ 1 cup 7/8 cup milk plus 1 tablespoon butter
Heavy Cream 1 cup 1 cup evaporated milkOR 3/4 cup milk plus 1/3 cup butter
Cream cheese 1 cup 1 cup pureed cottage cheese
Cream of tartar 1 teaspoon 2 teaspoons lemon juice or vinegar
Egg 1 whole (3 tablespoons or 1.7 oz) 3 tablespoons mayonnaiseOR half a banana mashed with 1/2 teaspoon baking powder
Evaporated milk 1 cup 1 cup light cream
Flour–Bread 1 cup 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 teaspoon wheat gluten
Flour–Cake 1 cup 1 cup all-purpose flour minus 2 tablespoons
Flour–Self-Rising 1 cup 7/8 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon of salt
Ginger–dry 1 teaspoon 2 teaspoons chopped fresh ginger
Herbs–fresh 1 tablespoon chopped fresh 1 teaspoon (chopped or whole leaf) dried herbs
Honey 1 cup 1 1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup waterOR 1 cup corn syrupOR 1 cup light treacle syrup
Ketchup 1 cup 1 cup tomato sauce plus 1 teaspoon vinegar plus 1 tablespoon sugar
Lard 1 cup 1 cup shorteningOR 7/8 cup vegetable oilOR 1 cup butter
Lemon juice 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon vinegarOR 1 teaspoon white wineOR 1 teaspoon lime juice
Lemon zest 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon lemon extractOR 2 tablespoons lemon juice
Lime juice 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon vinegarOR 1 teaspoon white wineOR 1 teaspoon lemon juice
Margarine 1 cup 1 cup shortening plus 1/2 teaspoon saltOR 1 cup butterOR 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt

OR 7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 teaspoon salt

Mayonnaise 1 cup 1 cup sour creamOR 1 cup plain yogurt
Milk–whole 1 cup 1/4 cup dry milk powder plus 1 cup waterOR 2/3 cup evaporated milk plus 1/3 cup water
Molasses 1 cup Mix 3/4 cup brown sugar and 1 teaspoon cream of tartar
Orange juice 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon other citrus juice
Ricotta 1 cup 1 cup dry cottage cheeseOR 1 cup silken tofu
Rum 1 tablespoon 1/2 teaspoon rum extract, plus enough water to make 1 tablespoon
Shortening 1 cup 1 cup butterOR 1 cup margarine minus 1/2 teaspoon salt from recipe
Sour cream 1 cup 1 cup plain yogurtOR 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough cream to make 1 cupOR 3/4 cup buttermilk mixed with 1/3 cup butter
Soy sauce 1/2 cup 4 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce mixed with 1 tablespoon water
Stock–beef or chicken 1 cup 1 cube beef or chicken bouillon dissolved in 1 cup water
Sweetened condensed milk 1 (14-ounce) can 3/4 cup white sugar mixed with 1/2 cup water and 1 1/8 cups dry powdered milk: Bring to a boil and cook, stirring frequently, until thickened, about 20 minutes
Vegetable oil–for baking 1 cup 1 cup applesauceOR 1 cup fruit puree
Vinegar 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon lemon or lime juiceOR 2 teaspoons white wine
White sugar 1 cup 1 cup brown sugarOR 1 1/4 cups confectioners’ sugarOR 3/4 cup honey

OR 3/4 cup corn syrup

Wine 1 cup 1 cup chicken or beef brothOR 1 cup fruit juice mixed with 2 teaspoons vinegarOR 1 cup water
Yogurt 1 cup 1 cup sour creamOR 1 cup buttermilkOR 1 cup sour milk
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: